Formel 1 Historie Historisches
Das erste zu der neuen. Die Formel 1 Datenbank auf kingfisher-band.nl sammelt alle Informationen rund um die Königsklasse des Rennsports. Hier finden Sie alle Ergebnisse. Hier findest du spannende und interessante Berichte über die Formel 1 Geschichte. Historische Bilder und Storys rund um die F1 History. Dazu erwarten dich. Die FormelDatenbank bietet Dir unzählige FormelStatistiken & Ergebnisse seit der F1-Saison Zudem kannst Du eigene Abfragen erstellen! Mercedes hat trotz aller Hoffnung auf mehr Spannung in der Formel 1 die ersten vier Rennen der Saison gewonnen - alle per Doppelsieg. Das gab es.
Dramatische Unfälle und packende Duelle bei extremen Geschwindigkeiten: Die Formel 1 ist eine der spektakulärsten Rennklassen der Welt. Milliarden werden. Heute vor genau 70 Jahren schlug die Geburtsstunde der Motorsport-Königsklasse - mit echten Königen und Namen, an die man sich heute. Das erste zu der neuen.
Formel 1 Historie VideoDer schlimmste Formel 1 Unfall aller Zeiten - Tom Pryce 1977 - F1 Geschichte Teil 1/3
Formel 1 Historie VideoGIGANTEN DER GESCHWINDIGKEIT 3 (F1 1981/1982) So erging es anderen F1-Umsteigern vor ihm: mehr. Seit sind zwecks Kostensenkung private Beste Spielothek in Streitwald finden grundsätzlich verboten, es gibt im Vorfeld der Saison und nach mehreren Rennen lediglich offizielle Testfahrten, bei Bitcoins Гјber Paypal Kaufen jedes Team ein Auto einsetzen darf. Das Rennen beginnt mit einer Einführungsrundezu der sich die Fahrer im Starterfeld bereits in der Reihenfolge der Qualifying-Ergebnisse aufstellen. F1-Sieg des Ferrari-Stars die nächste. In Haarnadelkurven und Schikanen müssen die Wagen stark abgebremst TreueprГ¤mien, das Gefühl für den spätesten Bremspunkt ist ein wesentlicher Faktor für die Rundenzeiten. Am erfolgreichsten waren dabei die folgenden:. Der Fahrer mit den meisten Saisonsiegen wäre somit Weltmeister. C Continental. Im Qualifying werden die Startplätze für das Rennen am Sonntag ausgefahren. Bis waren 3,0-Liter-VMotoren im Einsatz. F Firestone. Formel 1: Die wichtigsten Hersteller in der Geschichte. Ferrari ( Rennen): Die Italiener mischten bei 9bisherigen WM-Rennen mit. Die Formel 1 gibt es seit der Saison In ihrer Geschichte erlebte sie zahlreiche Triumphe, aber auch Tragödien. Hier gibt's alle Infos zur. Heute vor genau 70 Jahren schlug die Geburtsstunde der Motorsport-Königsklasse - mit echten Königen und Namen, an die man sich heute. In der mittlerweile jährigen Geschichte der Formel 1 gab es über Fahrer die an einem Grand Prix teilnahmen. In dieser Zeitspanne durften die Fans über. Dramatische Unfälle und packende Duelle bei extremen Geschwindigkeiten: Die Formel 1 ist eine der spektakulärsten Rennklassen der Welt. Milliarden werden.
Berger, Ger. Blundell, Mar. Bonnier, Jo. Bottas, Val. Boutsen, Thi. Brabham, Jac. Brambilla, Vit. Brundle, Mar. Button, Jen.
Caffi, Ale. Capelli, Iva. Cheever, Edd. Clark, Jim. Coulthard, Dav. Depailler, Pat. Fabi, Teo. Fangio, Jua. Fisichella, Gia.
Fittipaldi, Eme. Frentzen, Hei. Ghinzani, Pie. Giacomelli, Bru. Ginther, Ric. Glock, Tim. Grosjean, Rom. Gugelmin, Mau. Gurney, Dan.
Häkkinen, Mik. Hamilton, Lew. Heidfeld, Nic. Herbert, Joh. Hill, Gra. Hill, Dam. Hülkenberg, Nic. Hulme, Den. Hunt, Jam. Ickx, Jac.
Ireland, Inn. Irvine, Edd. Jarier, Jea. Johansson, Ste. Jones, Ala. Katayama, Uky. Klien, Chr. Kobayashi, Kam.
Kovalainen, Hei. Kubica, Rob. Laffite, Jac. Lauda, Nik. Lehto, J. Liuzzi, Vit. Maldonado, Pas. Mansell, Nig. Martini, Pie. Mass, Joc. Massa, Fel.
McLaren, Bru. Merzario, Art. Modena, Ste. Montoya, Jua. Morbidelli, Gia. Moss, Sti. Nannini, Ale. Pace, Car. Palmer, Jon. Panis, Oli. Patrese, Ric.
Lotus and BRM introduced mid-engined machines. Walker's team switched to a Lotus 18 chassis. Brabham took a second title with his Cooper, but Moss returned in time to win the final race of the season, the U.
Grand Prix at Riverside, California. The mid-engined revolution rendered another potentially revolutionary car obsolete. But the car was too heavy and complex compared to the new breed of mid-engined machines.
By , British specialist teams such as Lotus, Cooper and BRM, and later McLaren, Tyrrell and Williams- organizations created purely for producing, developing and competing purpose-built open-wheel racing cars had overtaken the industrial manufacturing powers such as Ferrari, Mercedes, Maserati and Alfa Romeo.
The only major automotive manufacturer with a full works effort was Ferrari- which was really a manufacturer that made road cars to fund its racing in F1 and endurance racing.
The only British team that was also a manufacturer of road cars like Ferrari was Lotus; but even so, that company grew considerably but never to the size of Mercedes or Alfa Romeo.
From to , Formula One had transformed from a scattershot industrial manufacturer sideshow of technology to a seriously competitive business for team owners and engineers wanting to come up with new technologies to out-do the opposition and also to sell their technology to big manufacturers or other interested parties.
People like Cooper and Lotus founders John Cooper and Colin Chapman proved that competitiveness and developing new automotive technology was about fresh thinking, not industrial might.
These British teams were regularly beating manufacturer teams like Ferrari, whom company founder Enzo Ferrari referring to these new British teams as garagistes - Italian for garage teams- which is effectively how all these British teams operated- their cars were built in small sheds or garages.
In , in an attempt to curb speeds, Formula One was downgraded to 1. The considerably more powerful and efficient engine Ferrari had led to the Maranello outfit dominating the season as the British teams scrambled to come up with a suitable engine.
American Phil Hill won the title in a works Ferrari. His teammate, Wolfgang von Trips of Germany , died along with 14 spectators in a horrific crash on the first lap of the Italian Grand Prix at Monza.
Throughout the s and s, the Formula One World Championship was merely the tip of the iceberg when it came to races run to Formula One regulations. The total number of races run to Formula One regulations remained about the same as it had been before the introduction of the World Championship.
The car had an aluminium sheet monocoque chassis instead of the traditional spaceframe design. This proved to be the greatest technological breakthrough since the introduction of mid-engined cars, but the Lotus was unreliable at first.
As soon as the car and the engine became reliable, the era of the Lotus and of Jim Clark began. Clark won the title twice in three years, and , the latter being the only occasion to date of a driver winning both the Championship and the Indianapolis Mile Race in the same year.
For Lotus introduced the new Lotus 33 and Ferrari made considerable technological and financial effort to win the title. The title went to John Surtees and Ferrari.
Surtees' title was especially notable, as he became the only driver ever to win the World Championship for both cars and motorcycles.
The Mexican Grand Prix , the last race of the 1. This was the first victory by a Japanese car and, as of today, the only one by a car powered by a transverse engine.
The McLaren M2B , designed by Robin Herd , used an aluminium-wood laminate known as Mallite for much of its monocoque, although the car's design did not make best use of the new material.
Ferrari was the great favorite with a 3-litre version of his well tested powerful sports car V12 design, but the new cars were very heavy, probably in an excess of self-confidence.
An enlarged V6 held some promise but Surtees left mid-season after a dispute with team manager Eugenio Dragoni at the 24 Hours of Le Mans sportscar race.
Coventry-Climax, formerly supplier to much of the field, pulled out of the sport leaving teams like Lotus to struggle with enlarged versions of obsolete Climax engines.
Cooper turned to a development of an otherwise obsolete Maserati V12 that was originally designed for the Maserati F in the late s, while BRM made the choice to design an incredibly heavy and complex H The big winner was Jack Brabham, whose eponymous racing team took victory two years running with a light and compact spaceframe chassis powered by the aluminium-block stock-derived Repco V8 unit.
Like the Repco the Cosworth was light and compact but it was a real racing engine using 4-valve DOHC heads and delivered much more power.
The newborn DFV suffered from frequent failures due to excessive vibration from the flat-plane crank, forcing Keith Duckworth to redesign several parts and allowing Hulme to win the World Drivers' Crown on reliability.
Love, who was in his forties and although seen as one of the finest drivers in Southern Africa was not a major star, led and finished second in that year's South African Grand Prix.
Love's obsolete Cooper was originally designed for the short races of the Tasman Series ; to run a full Grand Prix, Love added two auxiliary fuel tanks.
Unfortunately the auxiliary tank's fuel pump failed and forced him to refuel after having led most of the race. By the late s, overseas races outside Europe formed about a third of the championship in any year.
The core of the season remained the European season run over the Northern Hemisphere summer, with overseas races usually falling at the start or end of the season, a pattern which has continued to this day.
There were also a number of non-championship races run outside Europe; the South African Grand Prix was occasionally one of these.
British and English-native speaking drivers dominated the racing scene in the s. In , Lotus lost its exclusive right to use the DFV.
Clark took his last win at the season opening South African Grand Prix. On 7 April the double champion was killed at Hockenheim in a Formula Two event.
The season saw three significant innovations. The first was the arrival of unrestricted sponsorship , which the FIA decided to permit that year after the withdrawal of support from automobile related firms like BP, Shell and Firestone.
Team Gunston , a South African privateer team , was the first Formula One team to paint their cars in the livery of their sponsors when they entered a private Brabham for John Love , painted in the colours of Gunston cigarettes, in the South African Grand Prix.
The second innovation was the introduction of wings as seen previously on various cars including the Chaparral 2F sports car.
Brabham and Ferrari went one better at the Belgian Grand Prix with full width wings mounted on struts high above the driver. Lotus replied with a full width wing directly connected to the rear suspension that required a redesign of suspension wishbones and transmission shafts.
Matra then produced a high mounted front wing connected to the front suspension. This last innovation was mostly used during practice as it required a lot of effort from the driver.
By the end of the season most teams were using sophisticated wings. There was several case of wings, struts, or even suspension collapsing.
Lastly, the third innovation was the introduction of a full face helmet for drivers, with Dan Gurney becoming the first driver to wear such helmet at the German Grand Prix.
This was a tragedy for the sport and many of its fans and within the next few years many of the drivers campaigned for more safety at races to stop more deaths happening.
The Matras most innovative feature was the use of aviation-inspired structural fuel tanks but the FIA decided to ban the technology for The season started with cars using larger and more sophisticated wings than the previous year.
They were reintroduced later in the season but were to be restricted in size and height, and attached directly to the chassis in a fixed position.
Safety became a major issue in Formula One and the Belgian Grand Prix at Spa did not take place as the drivers boycotted the circuit after safety upgrades were not installed as demanded.
Stewart won the title easily with the new Matra MS80, a spectacular achievement from a constructor and a team that had only entered Formula One the previous year.
It remains the only title won by a chassis built in France. Johnny Servoz-Gavin became the one and only driver to score a point with a 4WD, finishing sixth with the Matra MS84 at the Canadian Grand Prix, although the front wheel transmission was actually disconnected.
Jacky Ickx finished second in the championship for Brabham , competitive again after dropping its Repco engines in favour of the DFV.
For Tyrrell were asked by Matra to use their V12, but decided to retain the Cosworth instead. Ken Tyrrell bought March chassis as an interim solution while developing his own car for the next season.
The new wedge-shaped Lotus 72 was a very innovative car featuring variable flexibility torsion bar suspension, hip-mounted radiators, inboard front brakes and an overhanging rear wing.
The 72 originally had suspension problems, but once resolved the car quickly showed its superiority and Lotus's new leader, the Austrian Jochen Rindt , dominated the championship until he was killed at Monza when a brake shaft broke.
He took the title posthumously for Lotus. Ferrari's new flat engine proved to be more powerful than the Ford-Cosworth DFV; but slightly heavier. Their performance started to improve at the end of that season, and Belgian Jacky Ickx won 3 races- but this proved to not be enough to overhaul Rindt's points total; Ickx later said he was happy to not have won the championship that year.
The team spent a lot of time experimenting with a gas turbine powered car, and with four wheel drive again.
After Jack Brabham's retirement, his old team went into a steep decline. Using their own chassis heavily inspired by the Matra MS80 but with conventional tanks, Tyrrell and Stewart easily took success in Focussing again on the type 72 chassis, now fielded in John Player Special 's black and gold livery, Lotus took the championship by surprise with year-old Brazilian driver Emerson Fittipaldi becoming the then youngest world champion.
Stewart came second, his performance compromised by a stomach ulcer. Stewart took the Drivers' title, but then at the final race of the season, the United States Grand Prix at Watkins Glen, Cevert crashed during Saturday practice in the notorious esses and was killed instantly.
Stewart, temporary hire Chris Amon and Tyrrell withdrew from the race effectively handing the Constructors' title to Lotus. At the end of the season Stewart made public his decision to retire, a decision that was already made before the U.
Grand Prix. McLaren, having fully recovered from the death of their founder, ended the season with three wins and several poles.
The new M23, an updated interpretation of the Lotus 72 concept, appeared to many as the best design on the field.
Fittipaldi made the choice to leave Lotus for McLaren that offered him true lead driver status that Chapman refused to him. The season went to pre-season favourites McLaren and Fittipaldi, but was a far closer result than expected.
Ferrari bounced back from a dismal season with its first true monocoque cars, the flat powered B3s driven by young Austrian Niki Lauda and the experienced Clay Regazzoni.
Despite the failure of the new Lotus 76, Peterson managed to win Grands Prix with the four-year-old Brabham driver Carlos Reutemann was also able to win with the new BT44 and young talent Jody Scheckter ended most of the races in the points, including winning the Swedish Grand Prix with the Mlookalike Tyrrell Lauda's season fizzled out after a crash on the first lap of the German Grand Prix.
Only the last race of the season decided the Drivers' title between Fittipaldi, Regazzoni, and Scheckter.
By this time the innovations introduced by the Lotus 49 and 72 had changed car design. Fully stressed engine and variable flexibility suspension was now the norm, most cars had wedge shaped bodywork and airboxes towered over driver's heads.
The main innovation of this era came in , when the Ferrari T appeared, its transverse gearbox allowing better weight distribution. Ferrari won the Constructors titles in , , and Lauda took a relatively straightforward first Drivers' title in Despite entering only one car and refusing sponsorship the team finished 4th in the Constructors' Championship.
For , Fittipaldi made the surprising decision to drive for the Brazilian Fittipaldi Automotive team of his brother Wilson , sponsored by Copersucar.
James Hunt, who knew that Hesketh's future was doomed by its lack of sponsorship Lord Hesketh had tried to obtain major backing once he realised Hunt was a likely title contender and that he could no longer afford to run the team out of his own pocket , signed for McLaren.
In Lauda's second successive title seemed inevitable until he crashed on the second lap at the Nürburgring , suffering severe burns as well as lung and blood damage.
He was given the last rites but unbelievably was back in his Ferrari six weeks later. He lost the championship by a single point to James Hunt in heavy rain at the final round at Fuji in Japan when he pitted his car and refused to continue, declaring that the risk was too great and that from now on he would refuse to race under extreme conditions.
The most radical innovation of was the 6-wheeled Tyrrell P The P34 was a good car, often finishing third or fourth and winning the Swedish Grand Prix, but it was not superior to the best 4-wheeled cars.
The incident at Fuji damaged Lauda's relationship with Enzo Ferrari and Lauda officially became the second driver of the Scuderia with Carlos Reutemann as leader.
Lauda signed for Brabham before the end of the championship, having taken the title easily before Enzo Ferrari refused him a car for the end of the season.
His second title was mostly built on regularity and reliability. Despite his conflict with the "Commendatore" and his second driver status Lauda enjoyed immense respect from the Ferrari team, which did its best to give him a good car.
There was in fact a very competitive field that year but no single challenger to the Austrian emerged and points taken away from Ferrari were shared between many teams and drivers.
The purpose of Lotus's experimentation in was revealed with the Lotus 78 , which brought ground effect to Formula One for the first time, using wing-profiled sidepods sealed to the ground by sliding lexan skirts.
Generating radically increased downforce with significantly less drag, [note 4] the Lotus 78s driven by Mario Andretti and Gunnar Nilsson won five Grands Prix in Renault unveiled the second when their RS01 made its first appearance powered by a 1.
Although supercharged engines were successful in the s and the regulations allowing for turbocharged engines had existed for 11 years, no Formula One team had built one, feeling that the fuel consumption and turbo lag boost lag would negate its superior power.
Motor engineer Bernard Dudot ,  who had observed the turbocharged Offenhauser engines used in Champ Car racing in the US, pushed for this choice.
The entry of Renault also brought Michelin's radial tyres to Formula One. Goodyear, who enjoyed a monopoly before the entry of Michelin , was still using the cross ply design for racing.
Goodyear saw the entry of Michelin as a serious threat and made a notable effort in research and development to develop its own radial tyres.
Tyrrell's season was disastrous because Goodyear was too busy to continue to develop the unique small tyres required by the P Without continuing development, the tyres became less competitive and the six-wheeled concept had to be dropped.
Michelin eventually left F1 after the season. For the new Lotus 79 made a more radical and mature use of the ground effect concept.
Many other teams began experimenting with the technology, but Lotus had a head start and Mario Andretti won the Championship in the "Black Beauty", becoming the first driver to win both the American IndyCar championship and the Formula One title.
The car exploited a loophole in the regulations, but the team, led by Bernie Ecclestone who had recently become president of the Formula One Constructors Association, withdrew the car before it had a chance to be banned after winning its only race with Niki Lauda at the wheel at the Swedish Grand Prix.
Late in the season Ronnie Peterson crashed into the barriers in the first lap at Monza and his Lotus burst into flames. James Hunt heroically pulled him out of the car and the medical prognosis was initially good but the Swede died the next day because of an embolism.
Hunt would retire after the following season's Monaco Grand Prix. For Ligier , the up-and-coming Williams team and surprisingly Ferrari , despite the handicap of the Flat that obstructed wind tunnels, produced wing-cars designs that were more effective than the Lotus This forced Lotus to hastily introduce the new 80 that overplayed the ground effect concept it was originally intended to run with no drag-inducing wings, merely ground-effect sidepods and never proved competitive.
Renault persisted with the turbo engine, despite frequent breakdowns that resulted in the nickname of the 'Little Yellow Teapot', and finally won for the first time at Dijon in with the RS10 that featured both ground effect and turbo engine.
Turbo engines were complex machines whose layout limited the ground effect 'tunnels' under the car. They were an emerging technology and so they were difficult and expensive to develop and build and make reliable.
It was mostly manufacturer-supported teams, such as Renault, Ferrari and Alfa Romeo which took that route. In contrast, the cheap, reliable and narrow Ford-Cosworth DFV engine, still used by most teams more than a decade after its introduction, lent itself well to highly efficient ground effect aerodynamics.
The first group supported a strict limitation of ground effect to gain full advantage from their powerful turbos while the other relied on unrestricted ground effect to balance their horsepower deficit.
There were also financial considerations. Faced with large constructors with unrestricted budgets, the smaller constructors wanted a larger share of Formula One's income to remain competitive.
Jody Scheckter took Ferrari's last title for 21 years in , but attention there was already being focused on young Canadian Gilles Villeneuve.
Alan Jones and Keke Rosberg brought success to Frank Williams at last in and , while young Brazilian Nelson Piquet won titles for Brabham team owner Ecclestone in and Patrick Depailler was killed in , probably due to high lateral acceleration causing a black out in Hockenheim's fast Ostkurve.
The double blow struck to Ferrari in , of the death of Gilles Villeneuve and the crippling injury to teammate Didier Pironi only a few weeks later, helped bring this crisis into the spotlight, and helped both sides settle the dispute for the good of the sport.
As in South Africa a generation before, second hand cars from manufacturers like Lotus and Fittipaldi Automotive were the order of the day, although some, such as the March , were built specifically for the series.
The use of carbon fibre composite in place of aluminium honeycomb produced cars that were significantly lighter, yet also far stiffer which improved grip and therefore cornering speed.
The title, won by Piquet for the Brabham team of Bernie Ecclestone, champion of the non-manufacturer teams' rights, was the first-ever won by a turbocharged engine.
Renault had proven in and that turbo-charged engines were a more efficient means of getting more performance from the powertrain with the FIA regulations.
The turbo cars were faster on almost all of the high speed Hockenheim, Österreichring, Monza, Silverstone and high-altitude tracks Interlagos, Kyalami , but by , the turbo cars were fastest just about everywhere.
The season made it obvious to all the competing Formula One teams that turbocharged engines were the way to go if anyone wanted to be competitive in Formula 1.
By , the reliability of the turbo-charged engines had been ironed out and made more reliable, and in , only Tyrrell still struggled on with the old DFV engines.
First fuel consumption and then turbocharger boost were restricted to 4-bar in and 1. By , the turbos were only slightly more powerful than the lighter 3.
The thirsty turbo engines briefly saw refuelling introduced into the sport, but this was banned for With controversy at last left behind, the Formula One teams flourished through the remainder of the s and into the s.
Niki Lauda , coming out of retirement for a hefty sum in , pipped his teammate Alain Prost to the title in by a mere half-point, the closest ever finish in Formula One history.
That half-point in itself was controversial in that it came at the rain-shortened Grand Prix of Monaco, which resulted in half points, too.
Prost won that race, but rookie Ayrton Senna made the stronger impression in his Toleman car, finishing 2nd and rapidly closing on Prost while the young German Stefan Bellof in the inferior non-turbocharged Tyrrell raced from the back of the field to 3rd and might even have taken the win, running faster than both Prost and Senna and with Senna reputed to have terminal suspension damage after an earlier incident even though later that year Tyrrell were disqualified from the championship losing all of their points from both the Drivers' and Constructors' championships.
It was the start of a rivalry between the two men that would continue for nearly a decade. But in the early years, Prost held the advantage, driving for the McLaren team with the Porsche -built TAG turbo engine which took three world titles in a row.
The Honda -powered Williams cars of Nelson Piquet and Nigel Mansell looked untouchable, but too often they took points from each other, allowing McLaren's Prost to stay in touch.
Although Williams easily won the Constructors' Championship that year, it was not until the season-ending Grand Prix of Australia that the Drivers' title was decided, Prost making the most of both Williams drivers tyre problems.
Capacity was increased to 3. Nevertheless, while turbo engines lasted, they dominated, Williams winning easily in , and McLaren returning to form in with the super-team of Prost and Senna winning 15 of 16 races, a record unmatched today.
It was Senna who emerged the victor, claiming the first of his 3 World Titles. In , turbos were banned and new regulations allowing only naturally aspirated engines up to 3.
The dominance of McLaren-Honda continued for the next 3 seasons, Prost winning the title in , Senna in and The V10 and V12 engines produced by the Japanese manufacturer proved to be just as good an engine as the turbo V6 before them, and the V10 was the best engine over the 2 seasons it was used and developed by McLaren and Honda.
The championship was marred however by the fierce rivalry between the two men, culminating in a pair of clashes at the Japanese Grands Prix of and They both dominated Formula One from to , winning 37 of the 48 Grand Prix staged and each scoring almost twice as many points as the third-place driver in those championships.
In Prost 'closed the door' on his overtaking teammate while Senna later freely admitted to deliberately driving into Prost in the race, drawing stiff condemnation from all quarters of Formula One.
Senna, however, was more concerned with the threat and opportunity afforded by the resurgent Williams, now powered by Renault the French giant's innovative engine technology allowed their engines to be level with Honda's engines and designed by aerodynamics genius Adrian Newey which were to dominate Formula One for the next 7 years.
It was more than Renault engines, however, which allowed Williams and later Benetton to dominate Formula One from to In the early s, teams started introducing electronic driver aids, whose use spread rapidly.
Active suspension , pioneered by Lotus in , semi-automatic gearboxes Ferrari in , and traction control Williams in became essential to compete. Some of these technologies were borrowed from contemporary road cars.
Others were primarily developed for the track and later made their way to the showroom. All enabled cars to reach higher and higher speeds, provided the teams were willing to spend the money.
The FIA , due to complaints that technology was determining the outcome of races more than driver skill, banned many such aids in However, many observers felt that the ban on driver aids was a ban in name only as the FIA did not have the technology or the methods to eliminate these features from competition.
Even this controversy did not diminish the pleasure British fans of the sport felt in , when Nigel Mansell finally won the title, after a decade of trying, nor French fans in when Alain Prost took his 4th Championship, both drivers piloting Williams cars.
Lightweight television cameras attached to the cars became common in the early s following an American network TV practise actually pioneered in Australia.
As well as boosting audience figures this also made the sport more attractive to sponsors beyond the traditional cigarette companies.
Safety improvements also meant that the major car manufacturers were more inclined to attach themselves to teams on a rolling basis. Ayrton Senna had moved to Williams to replace Prost, who retired from the sport.
McLaren had high hopes for its new Peugeot engine which had been developed through the French marque's Le Mans sportscar racing program which ultimately did not happen and Ferrari were looking to put the tumultuous seasons of behind them with Gerhard Berger and Jean Alesi.
The season was stunning, but for all the wrong reasons. By , the previous death in Formula One was nearly a decade past, that of Elio de Angelis during testing at the Circuit Paul Ricard in The speed of Formula One cars had continuously risen over 8 years, despite turbocharged engines being made illegal, the width of tyres being reduced and driver aids eventually being removed.
There was an "air of invincibility" in Formula One, a belief that the cars were inherently safe and no more drivers would die. At the San Marino Grand Prix weekend this belief was crushed completely with the serious injuries sustained by Rubens Barrichello in practice and the deaths of Roland Ratzenberger during qualifying and Ayrton Senna in the race on 1 May Not only had two drivers been killed, but one of them was a triple world champion and arguably the best F1 driver at the time.
The FIA reacted swiftly and harshly with major changes to be enforced from that year onwards, and it was the beginning of the FIA's push to increase safety in Formula One.
While significant changes could not be made to cars in , the FIA required all Formula One cars' airboxes to be perforated to reduce their "ram-air" effect, to reduce power.
For the same reason special racing fuels, previously an exotic mixture of benzenes and toluenes, were banned and only those with similar characteristics to everyday unleaded petrol would be permitted.
To reduce downforce, and therefore the cornering speed of the cars, a wooden "plank" was to be fitted beneath the central portion of the chassis, forcing a large section of the floor further away from the track.
This wooden plank remains under F1 cars today. Further, from designs were required to be drawn from a reference plane template , and strict limitations were enforced as to the minimum and maximum tolerances for aspects of the vehicle such as the size of the cockpit opening an idea well known in Champ Car for a decade and of aerodynamic devices, commonly called wings.
Further, maximum engine displacement was reduced from 3. Further changes were mandated as the FIA continued to try to curb the increase in speeds of Formula One cars as the years progressed.
These changes included the increase in size of the cockpit opening to ensure driver egress was easy and to minimise possible side head impacts , introducing grooved tyres to reduce cornering speeds by reducing grip and narrower bodywork this would complicate cooling and also reduce cornering speed , raising and reducing wing sizes and elements cutting aerodynamic downforce, thus reducing cornering speed , and introducing comprehensive checks on stiffness tolerances and measurements to ensure cars conformed completely with the regulations for example, weight tests on wings and bodywork to ensure that they maintained integrity and did not flex to give an aerodynamic advantage in a straight line.
The rapid introduction of all of these new rules and regulations, particularly those introduced in , made the atmosphere even more chaotic for Formula One.
Michael Schumacher had to fight desperately for his first World Drivers' Championship, as his Benetton team found itself in frequent violations of FIA regulations and Schumacher was suspended for two races as a result.
Even his championship-clinching race in Australia was controversial, as he collided with rival Damon Hill son of Graham and ensured himself of the title.
However, by things had settled down somewhat. The downgraded 3-litre formula had no effect of the domination of the Renault V10, and Schumacher took his second Drivers' title, and Benetton their first Constructors' title, with relative ease, defeating the Williams team of Hill and David Coulthard.
The Renault engine which powered both teams was virtually unbeatable, with only Ferrari claiming a single win at the Canadian Grand Prix for Alesi, his only career win.
For , the FIA mandated a much larger minimum size cockpit area, along with driver's head protection, to ensure the driver's head was less exposed ironically, this limited driver visibility and contributed to accidents.
As part of his plan to rebuild Ferrari, Jean Todt brought Michael Schumacher to the team from Benetton that year, essentially in exchange for his drivers Alesi and Berger.
There was an immediate effect, in his first year with the Scuderia Schumacher won three races, more than the team had managed in the previous five years.
Ferrari were not championship contenders though and Damon Hill made a strong run to the title, finally claiming the crown after 3 years of almost but not quite.
This season was much closer than , and Villeneuve only clinched the Drivers' Championship at the final race.
Once again, Michael Schumacher collided with his championship rival at the final race, but unlike events turned against him.
Schumacher not only found himself knocked out of the race, but was found to have deliberately tried to run Villeneuve off of the road. Schumacher was stripped of second place in the Championship and was disgraced.
At the end of Renault withdrew from Formula One. The Finn was nearly untouchable as he took his first title while Schumacher and Villeneuve could only watch.
Villeneuve was out of the picture at the brand-new BAR but Schumacher was in contention when he crashed and broke his leg at Silverstone. Behind the title races, however, there were signs of trouble brewing in Formula One.
The long-established, highly-respected Lotus name vanished from the starting grids, following Brabham's demise in mid French manufacturer Ligier found themselves in desperate straits, and were sold to Alain Prost.
Ken Tyrrell 's team floundered on, despite dismal results, until , when BAR bought the team. And the colourful era of the small, private teams finally came to an end.
The flourishing of Jordan in and , under the leadership of Damon Hill, Heinz-Harald Frentzen and Ralf Schumacher Michael's younger brother proved to be a last hurrah of the privateer, not a sign of health in the sport.
Maldonado, Pas. Mansell, Nig. Martini, Pie. Mass, Joc. Massa, Fel. McLaren, Bru. Merzario, Art. Modena, Ste. Montoya, Jua. Morbidelli, Gia.
Moss, Sti. Nannini, Ale. Pace, Car. Palmer, Jon. Panis, Oli. Patrese, Ric. Perez, Ser. Pescarolo, Hen. Peterson, Ron.
Petrow, Wit. Piquet, Nel. Pironi, Did. Prost, Ala. Räikkönen, Kim. Regazzoni, Cla. Reutemann, Car. Ricciardo, Dan. Rindt, Joc. Rodriguez, Ped.
Rosberg, Nic. Rosberg, Kek. Salo, Mik. Sato, Tak. Scheckter, Jod. Schell, Har. Schumacher, Mic. Schumacher, Ral.
Senna, Ayr. Siffert, Jo. Stewart, Jac. Stommelen, Rol. Streiff, Phi. Stuck, Han. Surer, Mar. This season was much closer than , and Villeneuve only clinched the Drivers' Championship at the final race.
Once again, Michael Schumacher collided with his championship rival at the final race, but unlike events turned against him.
Schumacher not only found himself knocked out of the race, but was found to have deliberately tried to run Villeneuve off of the road.
Schumacher was stripped of second place in the Championship and was disgraced. At the end of Renault withdrew from Formula One.
The Finn was nearly untouchable as he took his first title while Schumacher and Villeneuve could only watch. Villeneuve was out of the picture at the brand-new BAR but Schumacher was in contention when he crashed and broke his leg at Silverstone.
Behind the title races, however, there were signs of trouble brewing in Formula One. The long-established, highly-respected Lotus name vanished from the starting grids, following Brabham's demise in mid French manufacturer Ligier found themselves in desperate straits, and were sold to Alain Prost.
Ken Tyrrell 's team floundered on, despite dismal results, until , when BAR bought the team. And the colourful era of the small, private teams finally came to an end.
The flourishing of Jordan in and , under the leadership of Damon Hill, Heinz-Harald Frentzen and Ralf Schumacher Michael's younger brother proved to be a last hurrah of the privateer, not a sign of health in the sport.
Even once mighty Benetton, champions only a few years before, were barely surviving. Jackie Stewart fronted his own team from to with backing from Ford but even then sold out as the team transformed into Jaguar.
After the banning of turbocharged engines in , V10 became the most popular engine configuration in Formula One, because it offered the best compromise between power and fuel consumption.
From the season onwards, all competing teams had V10 engines in their cars. V12s were powerful but thirsty, while V8s were more fuel efficient but lacked power.
The fight at the front, however, was very much between Häkkinen and Schumacher, each two-time champion, driving cars closely matched in performance.
Ferrari had been steadily improving since their low point in the early s and in Schumacher prevailed, becoming the first 3 time Champion since Senna, and bringing the World Drivers' title to Ferrari for the first time since Jody Scheckter in The season saw Ferrari start to leave the rest of the grid behind, and Schumacher won the championship by the Hungarian Grand Prix, which tied him as second quickest championship winner with Nigel Mansell.
For , the season was a red-wash. Ferrari finished every race, and won 15 of Michael Schumacher scored more points than the second and third placed drivers combined, after gaining a podium in all of the races Schumacher had only one third place in Malaysia.
In this season, he wrapped up the championship at the French Grand Prix Round 11 of 17 , becoming the earliest ever championship winner.
While Ferrari celebrated their dominance, the sport itself was seen by many to be in trouble. Two more privateers, Prost and Arrows, had closed their doors for good.
Benetton was also no more, the team having been completely bought out by Renault and turned into their factory team.
Even more troubling was the one team in seemingly no danger of disappearing: Ferrari. While Formula One was no stranger to teams monopolizing the winner's stand, Ferrari's actions throughout the season annoyed many; in particular the staged finishes of the Austrian Grand Prix and the US Grand Prix.
It seemed to many that it was possible to take the dictum of 'win at all costs' too far. Ratings and attendance noticeably declined in the later half of , a serious problem for a sport which was by far the most expensive and, more importantly, most lucrative in the world by this time.
In , despite heavy rule changes such as a new points system in order to prevent another year of Ferrari dominance, Schumacher won the championship once more.
He was run close by both Kimi Räikkönen and Juan Pablo Montoya , but Schumacher prevailed, taking the championship by two points at Suzuka. It seemed that was the perfect balm to ease the memories of the previous season, with 8 different race winners including first-time victories for Fernando Alonso , Kimi Räikkönen and Giancarlo Fisichella and 5 different teams, including both Renault for the first time in twenty years and Jordan, who grabbed a lucky win in a wild Brazilian Grand Prix.
A new race in Bahrain made its debut in April and another new race in China debuted in September. It was initially thought that in introducing these new races, older Grands Prix in Europe, like the British Grand Prix , might be removed from the championship, but instead the number of races was increased to eighteen.
According to Ecclestone, the move was to increase Formula One's global reach, though the steady tightening of restrictions on tobacco advertising in Europe and elsewhere may also have been a factor.
Despite Ferrari's dominance taking 15 wins from the 18 races , the battle back in the pack was much more open than , as powerhouses McLaren and Williams got off to horrendous starts with radical new cars.
As could have been expected, Renault were quick to capitalize on the misfortunes of the two older British teams, but the real shock came from British American Racing , led by Jenson Button.
Although failing to win a race, Button was a regular sight on the 2nd or 3rd step of the podium, and with teammate Takuma Sato who had finished 3rd at the US Grand Prix behind the Ferraris managed to clinch 2nd in the Constructors' Championship, leaving Renault 3rd, Jarno Trulli 's win in Monaco some consolation.
Montoya and Räikkönen each managed a solitary win for their teams, which finished 4th and 5th in the results. The Ford Motor Company 's decision to pull out of Formula One at the end of exposed the vulnerabilities of some small teams.
Not only was their works Jaguar team sold to Austrian drinks company Red Bull ,  but the few remaining small independent teams, who traditionally had used Ford engines, found their engine supply in a precarious state.
In , Formula One saw Ferrari and BAR rapidly fade out of sight, as the works Renault team dominated the early part of the season, and Fernando Alonso forged a clear championship lead.
In the latter part of the season McLaren were significantly the stronger team, with consistently better results and a win tally of 6 from 7 races.
However, their early record of poor reliability had meant that catching Renault in either Drivers' or Constructors' Championships was a tall order.
For a while it looked close between Räikkönen and Alonso, but by Brazil Alonso had become Formula One's youngest ever champion. The Constructors' Championship looked even more likely for McLaren , widely regarded as the faster car and with reliability much improved.
However, a retirement for Juan Pablo Montoya in the season finale at Shanghai secured the Constructors' title for Renault. One statistic proved the two teams' dominance: they together won all but one of the races, the controversial US Grand Prix , in which neither of the two teams participated, which was Schumacher and Ferrari's only win of the year.
Arguably, the final small specialist racing team disappeared with the September purchase of Minardi by Red Bull to be renamed as Scuderia Toro Rosso and run as a separate entity alongside Red Bull Racing.
Jordan had been bought by Russo-Canadian steel company Midland early in and was renamed Midland F1 for the season. The Williams team ceased their partnership with BMW as a result, entering a commercial arrangement with Cosworth instead.
From manufacturer teams had an unprecedented level of involvement in the sport. Honda also bought BAR.
To keep costs down, the configuration had been made mandatory in although only V10s had been in use since , Toyota were planning on entering Formula One with a V12 and had to delay their entry by a year to redesign so that engine builders would not develop and experiment with other configurations.
Ferrari also enjoyed great success in the V10 era, winning six Constructors' Championships and five Drivers' Championships from to In December , the FIA announced that from the season, there would be only one tyre supplier.
Five days later, Michelin announced it would quit Formula One at the end of the season, leaving Bridgestone as the sole supplier from Renault and Fernando Alonso established early leads in both the Constructors' and Drivers' Championships.
By mid-season, Ferrari appeared to be making a comeback, however. The race also saw Ferrari pull ahead of Renault for the first time in However, the race results were largely overshadowed by Schumacher announcing, during the post-race press conference, that he would retire at the end of the season.
However, an engine failure for Schumacher at the Japanese Grand Prix, along with costly puncture in the final round in Brazil allowed Alonso to secure the Drivers' Championship for the 2nd year running, with Renault also securing the Constructors' Championship.
However, Hamilton surprised everyone with a run of 9 consecutive podiums in his first 9 races seeing him take a significant lead in the Drivers' Championship.
Alonso's relationship with McLaren deteriorated as the season progressed, as he believed it was his right as world champion to be favoured above his teammate.
A mistake by Hamilton in China and a mechanical problem in Brazil ruined his championship. Alonso, however, was not able to fully capitalise on the situation, and Ferrari's Kimi Räikkönen took the championship after a strong second half to the season.
Räikkönen turned around a point deficit with 2 races to go to win by a single point. Both McLarens finished the Championship on points.
Fernando Alonso was placed third, behind Lewis Hamilton through countback. Renault had a much less successful season in than in previous years and struggled to match the pace of McLaren and Ferrari.
Ferrari also clinched the Constructors' Championship after McLaren's disqualification over controversy over the suspicion that McLaren had Ferrari information.
For the and seasons Fernando Alonso returned to Renault, but having little success he joined Ferrari in However, the season was much more open, with winners from 3 other teams.
After agonising defeat in , Hamilton clinched the Drivers' Championship in dramatic fashion, overtaking Timo Glock in the Toyota to secure the 5th place he needed in the last corner of the last lap of the final Grand Prix.
Felipe Massa had won the race, and would also have won the Drivers' Championship if it had not been for Hamilton's crucial overtake. Despite this, Ferrari secured the Constructors' Championship for the 8th time in 10 years.
During the s, Formula One cars had become extremely complex, efficient, and reliable, so much so that actual racing between drivers began to become less and less common.
Engine RPM reached 20, rpm and were initially limited to 19, rpm for ; this was lowered to 18, from to The most significant system introduced in F1 was the Kinetic Energy Recovery System KERS , a system that stores energy, created by braking, through a flywheel; this energy is then channeled to the car's drivetrain to increase acceleration.
A few well-funded teams had tested this technology the previous year but it remained too experimental; all of the teams' KERS systems needed more development, so none of them would be ready for Due to the global economic recession, [ citation needed ] many more rule changes were brought in to reduce the cost of participating in Formula One.
Initially a standardised engine was proposed, but this idea was rejected by the teams, who came up with their own cost-cutting measures. These included a huge reduction in testing times and an increase in the required engine and gearbox mileage.
Many teams voiced concerns over the cost of KERS and have suggested a standardised unit, but so far no such opportunity exists.
The new rules and regulations saw a new order in , with new teams Brawn GP and Red Bull Racing and their drivers leading the way, with Ferrari and McLaren having a poor season.
However, Ferrari started by the British Grand Prix to make the most of their car with a string of podium finishes and a race victory in Belgium, while a redesign of the McLaren challenger helped Lewis Hamilton to win two races and gain more points than any other driver after it was upgraded at the German Grand Prix.
After dominating the beginning of the season with six out of seven race wins, Jenson Button eventually clinched the Drivers' Championship in Brazil, with Brawn GP winning the Constructors' Championship in its only season, before being taken over by Mercedes.
Also, the major manufacturer teams were starting to disappear rapidly due to the worldwide economy crisis. KERS and double diffusers were banned for the season, but new innovative features on the cars such as F-ducts were introduced.
An allocated eight engines, per driver, for the whole season was also introduced as part of more cost cutting methods.
The 10—8—6—5—4—3—2—1 point system for the top eight finishers which had been running since , was replaced with the drastically different 25—18—15—12—10—8—6—4—2—1 for the top 10 finishers.
Red Bull Racing returned to have a great season in , thanks to their hiring of designer Adrian Newey in They won the Constructors' Championship in the penultimate round in Brazil, and Red Bull driver Sebastian Vettel won the championship in the final round of the season at Abu Dhabi.
McLaren and Ferrari had better seasons in , finishing respectively second and third among the constructors. The Drivers' Championship was very closely fought, with six men leading the championship at one point, in the joint longest ever nineteen-race season.
A record four drivers were still in contention for the title going into the final round in Abu Dhabi. They were Alonso, Webber, Vettel and Hamilton placing in that order in number of points before the race.
They did not finish that way though, with Vettel winning the race and the title when the others finished too far down the field. Vettel became the youngest ever World Champion in the history of the sport.
After a controversial race in Hockenheim , led to the ban on team orders being dropped. When Ferrari asked Felipe Massa to move over to allow their No.
The FIA decided that the rule was too vague, and there was nothing they could do to enforce it. This led to an end to the ban on team orders for the Formula One season.
Other changes included a re-introduction KERS, the introduction of the Drag reduction system DRS a driver activated moveable flap on the cars rear wing , and a change in tyre supplier from Bridgestone to Pirelli.
Vettel and Red Bull lead their respective championship from the start until the end of the season, dominating and taking their second successive titles.
Vettel also became the youngest double world champion when he clinched the title at the Japanese Grand Prix , Red Bull took the Constructors' Championship at the following race in South Korea.
McLaren and Ferrari finished second and third in the standings once again, albeit much further behind.
Button eventually took second place in the standings, with Webber in third once again. Vettel took 11 victories throughout the course of the year, broke the record for the most pole positions in a season 15 and the most championship points After a slow start to the season, Vettel won 4 races in a row and challenged Fernando Alonso and Ferrari all the way through.
Eventually, the German Vettel took the lead from the Spanish Alonso and Vettel opened up a point gap come the last round in Brazil.
Vettel won his third consecutive Drivers' title after finishing 6th at Interlagos, while Alonso finished 2nd.
The British-based Austrian team had developed an engine-mapping system that gave their car a type of traction control actual traction control systems are illegal , and Vettel used this to his considerable advantage.
He won in Belgium and after that, the rest of the remaining races in the season 9 races total. The German and the Red Bull team simply ran away with the Drivers' and Constructors' Championships, both of which they won in India — Vettel won his 4th consecutive Drivers' Championship there.
Come the Korean round, 2 rounds before the Indian one, Red Bull had developed a special aerodynamic diffuser that gave the cars a considerable cornering advantage.
Vettel and his Australian teammate Mark Webber were leading 1—2 for most of those 9 races, and the cars often qualified in the top 3 grid spots; and when they qualified 1—2, it was often by considerable amounts of time.
Formula One entered its second turbocharged era in Australia was the location of the end of the first era Adelaide and start of the second Melbourne The series is being run under the most radical engine regulation changes since All cars entering any Formula One championship race must run with 1.
Ferrari , Mercedes and Renault produced engines from with Honda producing engines from ; Cosworth did not participate from and beyond. In-season engine development returned; the previous V8's development was frozen.
Since the start of the season, the Mercedes team and their drivers Lewis Hamilton , Nico Rosberg and Valtteri Bottas have dominated the sport, winning 92 of the races 64 for Hamilton, 20 for Rosberg and 8 for Bottas.
This astounding and historic winning streak has been the result of Mercedes development of the "split turbocharger", a system in which the compressor and turbine components of the turbo charger are placed at separate sides of the engine and connected by a rod running through the V of the engine.
This new technology gave Mercedes and their customer teams many advantages over their competitors due to the need for less cooling and a more compact power unit.
On top of this, Mercedes had won the Drivers' Championship title 6 times from to five for Hamilton and one for Rosberg and have taken the Constructors' Championship title also 6 times from to , although since the rule changes in car design implemented in , Ferrari have been in a position to fight for both the Drivers' and Constructors' championships with Vettel coming second in both and From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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